1.Brush your teeth atleast twice a day:
The best time to brush your teeth is after you have taken your meals and brushing teeth before going to bed is a must. Choose a brush with slim head to gain better access to the back teeth and make sure you brush your teeth atleast twice a day.
2. Use toothpaste with fluoride as one of its ingredient:
One must use enough but not too much fluoride as fluoride strengthens enamel, making the teeth less prone to decay. Usually our drinking water is fluoridated, which gives adequate fluorine required for healthy teeth. If your water isn’t fluoridated, talk to your dentist who may advice applying fluoride to your teeth manually. Many toothpastes and mouth rinse also contain fluoride as one of their crucial ingredients.
3. Take time to brush properly:
Brushing your teeth should take between 2 to 5 minutes. Make sure you take enough time to brush all the areas of your mouth properly.
4. Floss your teeth daily:
Many people neglect to floss. Flossing is not only getting the tiny food particles off your teeth, it is a way to stimulate the gums, reduce plaque, and help lower inflammation in the area. Floss gently and the best time to floss is after having your meal. Flossing may seem difficult especially for young children and old aged people. Instead of giving up, consult your dentist and look for ready to use tools for flossing.
5. Limit intake of sugary food:
Sugar converts into acid in the mouth, which can then wear away the enamel of your teeth. Therefore it is advisable to limit the intake of sugary food and brush your teeth after having anything sweet.
6. Limit intake of acidic food:
As the name suggest, acidic food contain acids in them, which lead to cavities in the teeth and they can also wear down tooth enamel. So you must always have acidic food in limited quantities.
7. Protect your teeth from injury:
Be very careful from mouth injuries. Wear mouth safety guards while playing sports. Also keep in mind that a dental injury may take years of medical treatment to get fixed properly.
8. Avoid using your teeth for anything other than chewing:
You should never use your teeth for cracking nuts, removing bottle tops or open packaging. If you do so, you risk breaking your teeth.
9. Drink lots of water:
Water helps in saliva production, which is important for healthy teeth. Instead of sweet drinks, you must prefer plain water, as overtime, bacteria on your teeth use sugar to form plaque which if not dealt with properly may result in tooth decay. Therefore drinking lots of plain water is advisable.
10. Get Calcium and Vitamin D regularly:
While all the nutrients and vitamins are important for an overall healthy being, Calcium is specifically important for healthy teeth and dense bones. And Vitamin D is required to absorb calcium. Therefore make sure you have ample amount of dairy products (that are sources of Calcium) every day and get enough sunlight (which is a source of Vitamin D) daily.
11. Start children’s dental care early:
Atleast 25% of children experience tooth decay before they even enter school. And therefore dental care must start as soon as the child’s first tooth appears. Their teeth can be cleaned with wet cloth and very soft brush in a very gentle manner.
12. Rinse and chew sugar-free gum after meals:
In addition to brushing, flossing and rinsing your mouth with anti-bacterial rinse helps prevent tooth decay and gum problems and ensures that your teeth and gums stay healthy. Chewing sugar-free gums can also increase saliva flow, which naturally washes bacteria out of mouth and neutralizes acid.
13. Be careful during sports and recreational activities:
Sports and recreational activities are vital for your overall health. However, proper precautions must be taken during your sports and recreational activities as they pose risk of injuries including teeth injuries. Wear safety equipment while playing sports like guards and helmets.
14. Don’t smoke or use tobacco:
Tobacco consumption in any form stains teeth and raises the risk of gum diseases and oral cancer. If you are smoking or chewing tobacco, consider quitting right now. Consult a doctor and you may take tobacco and smoking addiction relieving medicines and gums with proper advice from your doctor.
15. Eat healthy diet:
A well-balanced and healthy diet containing all the essential nutrients including proteins, vitamins and calcium ensures overall healthy lifestyle including good oral health.
16. Don’t ignore your tongue
Plaque can also build up on your tongue, which may result not only in bad mouth odor but also other dental problems. So make sure you gently brush your tongue every time you brush your teeth.
17. Consider mouthwash everyday
Apart from brushing, consider mouth washing everyday as it cleans the mouth from bacteria.
18. Eat fresh and crunchy fruits and vegetables
Eating fresh and crunchy fruits and vegetables have numerous health benefits including dental health benefits as well. So eat lots of fruits and vegetables.
19. Don’t use sharp pointed objects on or between your teeth
Don’t use sharp pointed objects on or between your teeth, as it may result in gum and teeth injuries. Gentle brushing and mouthwash is a much better and safer option.
20. Visit your dentist regularly:
Although you must always visit your dentist if you have a dental problem such as tooth ache or bleeding gums, however even if you are not having any dental problems, you must visit your dentist regularly to maintain a good dental health.